A root canal therapy is a dental treatment sequence for an infected pulp of a tooth which involves the extraction of the root nerves of the tooth, cleaning, and eliminating the infection. Most often the root canal is done so that you can keep the natural tooth for the functional and cosmetic look.
There are several reasons why a root canal is needed. Any of the following can cause inflammation of the pulp:
- Deep and untreated dental decay
- Decay below a deep filling
- Large filling
- Traumatic damaged crack, chip, or even root fracture
- Advanced gum disease
Symptoms of tooth pulp damage or disease
Usually, the first sign of tooth decay or damaged pulp is toothache, inflammation, or infection. The symptoms may include:
- Spontaneous pain
- Sensitivity to hot or cold drinks
- Pain when biting
- Pain or tenderness when chewing
- Tooth discoloration
- Bad taste in your mouth and/or bad breath
- Loosening of the tooth
- Swollen of the gum near
- Facial swelling
Sometimes, tooth pulp may become damaged or diseased without presenting any symptoms. In these cases, the problem is usually diagnosed by special tests or x-rays during a dental check-up or treatment for other dental concerns.
How many visits do I need for a Root Canal Treatment?
You may need more than one visit to complete the Root Canal treatment, depending on the difficulty and extent of infection. Root Canal Treatment has four main aims: removing the active decay and infection, shaping the canals, filling the canals, and making the tooth functional again.
If a tooth pulp infection is not treated, complications may occur:
- Loss of tooth: The tooth may have to be removed. Tooth replacement with Dentures, bridges, or Dental Implants.
- Localised bone loss: The infections may spread around the ends of the infected tooth canal affecting the bone level.
- Spreading infection: Once the pulp becomes infected and if the bacteria finds their way into the pulp chamber, the bacteria will multiply and cause a severe infection or an endodontic abscess.
After the treatment
There are some suggestions for aftercare. If you experience any pain beyond what seems normal for the treatment. Please visit immediately to the Dental Clinic.
- Avoid hard or chewy foods for the first days
- Get in the habit of good oral hygiene (brush and floss twice a day)
- Regular visits to the dentist and x-rays to confirm good health.
- Reschedule a follow-up appointment for a crown if necessary.